O listă cu abrevieri folosite în Genomică. Pentru cele specifice bazelor de date, urmați acest link.

  • AIM (ancestry-informative marker) = Marker Informativ din punct de vedere al Descendenței
  • BAC (bacterial artificial chromosome) = Cromozom Bacterian Artificial
  • bp (base pair) = perechi de baze
  • BLAST (basic local alignment sequence tool) =
  • BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) = Encefalopatie Bovină Spongiformă
  • CAP (catabolite-gene activator protein) =
  • CASP (critical assessment of structure prediction) =
  • cDNA (complementary DNA) = ADN complementar
  • CE (capillary electrophoresis) = Electroforeză Capilară
  • ChIP (chromatin immunoprecipitation) = Imunoprecipitare a Cromatinei
  • ChIP-seq (ChIP sequencing) = Secvențiere de tip ChIP
  • CODIS (combined DNA index system) = Sistem Combinat de Indici Genetici
  • CPI (combined paternity index) = Indice de Paternitate Combinat
  • CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) =
  • cryoEM (cryo electron microscopy) =
  • DAF (DNA amplification fingerprinting) = Amprentare Genetică
  • DBD (DNA binding domain) = Domeniu de Legare a ADN-ului
  • DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis) =
  • dGTP (deoxyguanosine triphosphate) =
  • DOP (degenerate oligonucleotide primed PCR) =
  • DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) = Acid Deoxiribonucleic (ADN)
  • DNase (deoxyribonuclease) = Deoxiribonuclează
  • dNTP (deoxynucleotide triphosphate) =
  • ds (double-stranded) = Dublu-catenar
  • dsRNA (double-stranded RNA) = ARN Dublu-catenar
  • dTTP (deoxythymidine triphosphate) =
  • dUTP (deoxyuridine triphosphate) =
  • EC (enzyme classification number) = Număr de Clasificare a Enzimelor
  • ECL (enhanced chemiluminescence) =
  • ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) =
  • emPCR (emulsion PCR) =
  • ESE (exon-splicing enhancer) =
  • ESI (electrospray ionization) =
  • ESI-MS (electrospray ionization mass spectrometry) =
  • EST (expressed sequence tag) =
  • ESU (evolutionary significant unit) = Unitate Semnificativă din punct de vedere Evolutiv
  • FACS (fluorescence-activated cell sorter) =
  • FANTOM (functional annotation of mammalian genome) = Adnotarea Funcțională a Genomului Mamiferelor
  • FIGE (field inversion get electrophoresis) =
  • FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) = Hibridizare Fluorescentă In Situ
  • GMO (genetically modified organism) =
  • GO (gene ontology) =
  • GTEx (genotype-tissue expression program) = Programul Exprimării Genotipului Tisular
  • GTF (general transcription factor) =
  • GWAS (genome-wide association studies) =
  • HAC (human artificial chromosome) = Cromozom Uman Artificial
  • HGP (the human genome project) = Proiectul Genomul Uman
  • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) = Virusul Imunodeficienței Umane
  • HP1 (heterochromatin protein 1) =
  • HPCE (high-performance capillary electrophoresis) = Electroforeză Capilară de Înaltă Performanță
  • HPLC (high pressure liquid chromatography) = Cromatografie Lichidă la Presiune Înaltă
  • HPV (human papillomavirus) =
  • HTH (helix–turn–helix) =
  • HVR (hypervariable region) = Regiune Hipervariabilă
  • IR (inverted repeat) =
  • iSAFE (integrated selection of allele favored by evolution) =
  • IVS (intervening sequence, intron) =
  • Ka (number of non-synonymous substitutions per site) =
  • Ks (number of synonymous substitutions per site) =
  • LAMP (loop-mediated isothermal amplification) =
  • LC (liquid chromatography) = Cromatografie Lichidă
  • LIF (laser-induced fluorescence) = Fluorescență Indusă de un Laser
  • LINE (long interspersed nuclear element) =
  • LTP (long-term potentiation) =
  • LUCA (last universal common ancestor) = Ultimul Strămoș Comun Universal
  • MALDI-MS (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass-spectrometry) =
  • MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) =
  • MBD (methyl-binding domain) = Domeniu de Legare a Grupării Metil
  • MCS (multiple cloning site) = Situs Multiplu de Clonare
  • MDA (multiple displacement amplification) =
  • MHC (major histocompatibility complex) = Complexul Major de Histocompatibilitate
  • MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) = Concentrația Minimă Inhibitoare
  • mRNA (messenger RNA) = ARN mesager
  • MSMS (tandem mass spectrometry) =
  • mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) = ADN mitocondrial
  • NBS-LRR (nucleotide-binding site/leucine-rich repeat) = Situs de Legare Nucleotidică/Repetiție Bogată în Leucină
  • NCBI (national center for biotechnology information) = Centru Național pentru Informații din Domeniul Biotehnologiei (SUA)
  • NCoA (nuclear receptor coactivator) = Receptor Nuclear Coactivator
  • NDIS (national DNA index system) = Sistemul Național de Indici Genetici (SUA)
  • NDNAD (national DNA database) = Baza Națională de Date Genetice (UK)
  • NGS (next-generation sequencing) = Secvențiere de Următoare Generație
  • NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) = Rezonanță Magnetică Nucleară
  • NPC (nuclear pore complex) = Complex de Pori Nucleari
  • nt (nucleotide) = nucleotidă
  • NuRD (nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylation) =
  • ODN (oligodeoxynucleotide) = Oligodeoxinucleotidă
  • Oligo (oligonucleotide) = Oligonucleotidă
  • ORF (open reading frame) = Cadru Deschis de Citire
  • ORN (oligoribonucleotide) = Oligoribonucleotide
  • PABP (poly(A)-binding protein) = Proteină de Legare la Situs poly(Adenină)
  • PAGE (polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) = Electroforeză în Gel de Poliacrilamidă
  • PAP (poly(A) polymerase) = Polimerază poly(Adenină)
  • PCR (polymerase chain reaction) = Reacție de Polimerizare Înlănțuită
  • PEP (primer extension preamplification) = Preamplificare de Extindere a Primer-ului
  • PFGE (pulsed field gel electrophoresis) = Electroforeză pe Gel cu Câmp Electrostatic
  • PI (paternity index) = Indice de Paternitate
  • PIC (preinitiation complex) = Complex de Preinițiere
  • PIR (protein information resource) =
  • PNA (peptide nucleic acid) = Acid Nucleic Peptidic
  • Pol II (DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II) = Polimeraza II a ARN-ului dependentă de ADN
  • ppm (parts per million) = părți per milion
  • PrPc (prion protein-cellular) =
  • PrPSc (prion protein-scrapie) =
  • PTC (premature termination codon) =
  • PTGS (post-transcriptional gene silencing) =
  • qPCR (quantitative real-time PCR) =
  • RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) =
  • RdDM (RNA-directed DNA methylation) =
  • RdTGS (RNA-directed transcriptional gene silencing) =
  • RFL (restriction fragment length) =
  • RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) = Polimorfism al Lungimii Fragmentelor de Restricție
  • RISC (RNA-induced silencing complex) =
  • RNA (ribonucleic acid) = Acid Ribonucleic
  • RNAi (interfering RNA) = ARN de interferență
  • RNAPII (RNA polymerase II) =
  • RNase (ribonuclease) =
  • ROS (reactive oxygen species) =
  • RP (reversed phase) =
  • rpm (revolutions per minute) =
  • rRNA (ribosomal RNA) = Acid Ribonucleic Ribozomal
  • RT (room temperature / also reverse transcriptase)
  • RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase PCR) =
  • SAGE (serial analysis of gene expression) =
  • SCOP (structural classification of proteins) = Clasificarea Structurală a Proteinelor
  • SD (standard deviation) = Deviația Standard
  • SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) =
  • SE (standard error)  = Eroarea Standard
  • SEM (standard error of the mean) = Eroarea Standard Medie
  • SINE (short interspersed nuclear element) =
  • siRNA (small interfering RNA) = ARN de Interferență Mic
  • SNP (single-nucleotide polymorphism) = Polimorfism de o Singură Nucleotidă
  • snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle) =
  • ss (single-stranded) =
  • SSCP (single-strand conformation polymorphism) =
  • ssDNA (single-stranded DNA) =
  • SSO (sequence-specific oligonucleotide) =
  • SSP (sequence-specific probe) =
  • STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1) =
  • STOL (sequenced/species tree of life) =
  • STR (short tandem repeat) = Marker de tip „repetiții scurte în tandem”
  • STRP (short tandem repeat polymorphism) = Polimorfism al „repetițiilor scurte în tandem”
  • STS (sequence-tagged site) =
  • TAF (TATA-binding protein and associated factor) =
  • TAP (tandem affinity purification) =
  • TBP (TATA-binding protein) =
  • TCGA (the cancer genome atlas) =
  • TF (transcription factor) =
  • TFBS (transcription factor binding site) =
  • TFIID (transcription factor II D) =
  • TGS (third-generation sequencing) =
  • TIGR (the institute for genome research) =
  • TLC (thin-layer chromatography) = Cromatografie în Strat Subțire
  • Tm (melting temperature) = Temperatură de Topire
  • TNF (tumor necrosis factor) =
  • TrEMBL (translations to amino-acid sequences of DNA sequences in EMBL databank) =
  • TREX (transcription-export) =
  • tRNA (transfer RNA) = ARN de transfer
  • TSS (transcription start site) = Situs de Început al Transcripției
  • UPGMA (unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean) =
  • VNTR (variable number tandem repeat) = Număr Variabil de Repetiții în Tandem
  • WGA (whole genome amplification) = Amplificarea Întregului Genom
  • YAC (yeast artificial chromosome) = Cromozom Artificial al Drojdiilor

*Postare modificată la: Mar 21, 2018 @ 15:52